About Mountaineering And Trekking In India
It is aid that mountaineering and trekking is only for the brave hearted. More
than a strong heart, it requires the fittest body. Mountaineering and
trekking test the physical endurance level of all. It may be great fun
rejoicing at the top of a mountain with all that mountaineering gear and boots, but the hazards involved are also real.
Other than the perennial fear of falling down, high altitude sickness may
also prove costly sometimes. Avalanches and heavy snowfall in snow clad
mountains also creates many problems.
Feel The Fun And Thrill
But irrespective of the hazards involved, few words can describe the joyful
experience of attaining the summit of a snow-clad mountain peak. Infact, the
risks can be minimized substantially with proper safety equipments and
precautions. Because these activities also require the ultimate in team
effort, proper management is essential for achieving the goals.
Mountaineering and trekking are popular adventure sports in every part of
the world. Some of the high altitude destinations of India, particularly
those located along the Himalayas have also gained tremendous popularity for
mountaineering and trekking.
Physical fitness tests should be conducted prior to
embarking for the journey.
Complete prior knowledge of the route of the course is essential. As the
route may throw many hurdles, previous knowledge of the route helps in
making preparations accordingly.
All the equipments required should be checked properly
to ensure that no equipment has been left out like the mountain boots and mountain outfitters. Inadequate or faulty
equipments raises the chances of accident.
The medical kit should contain all the necessary
Prior information should be provided of the journey.
This helps in launching timely rescue operations in case of any disaster.
List of Equipments
Wool and/or Synthetic Socks
Base Layer Top
Base Layer Bottoms
Mid-Insulation Layer Top
Mid-Insulation Layer Bottom
Light Wind Shell
Weather Layer Top
Weather Layer Pants
Warm Outer Jacket
Snow Safety Equipment
Sun and Lip Cream
Insulated Water Bottle or Thermos
Warm Single or Double Boots
Map and Compass
First Aid Kit
Emergency Sac Group Repair Kit
Two-way Radio or Cell Phone
Popular Mountaineering And Trekking Destinations
Jammu & Kashmir :
The landscape of Kashmir makes it
the most ideal mountaineering and trekking destination in India. Ladakh has
some of the most challenging ranges. Kangri and the Pancha Kangri at
altitudes over 6150 metres are ideal. The Nubra region adjoining Pakistan
border is also popular. Though it has long approach marches, it is
fascinating for its remote peaks and long glaciers. Climbing activity in
very hectic in Zanskar region. Nun and Kun at altitudes of 7035 and 7077
metres are steep climbs. A perfect destination for adventure vacations for couple.
Kishtwar, which is easily approachable from Jammu is also a favourite of
mountaineers. Some of the popular peaks in Kishtwar are Arjuna, Barnaj,
Sickle Moon and Brammah all of which are located at altitudes well over 6000
metres. These peaks are technically quite difficult but their slightly lower
height compensates for the technical difficulties involved.
In the state of Jammu & Kashmir, major trekking expeditions are
organized in Amarnath, Gulmarg, Sonmarg and Ladakh.
The Nanda Devi peak at
7817 metres is the highest peak of Garhwal region and regarded as the
ultimate challenge for mountaineering and trekking tours.
Next in importance and popularity to Nanda Devi are the meadows of Tapovan
and Nandanvan near the source of river Ganga. Some of the peaks like Mount
Shivalik are well over 20,000 feet high. In the far western parts of Garhwal
region, Har Ki Doon is a popular base for launching expeditions. Joshimath
near Badrinath is another favourite of mountaineers to the place.
In Gangotri valley, challenging mountains like Shivling, Meru, Kedarnath
and Bhaghrati invite the best mountaineers to accept the challenge.
The Garhwal Himalayas are regarded as a paradise for trekkers. Some of the
favourite trekking routes are Gangotri-Kalindikhal-Badrinath trek,
Roopkund-Homekund trek, Dodital-Darba Pass-Yamnotri trek and Garhwal-Panwati
There are scores of summits in Himachal, some tamed and some
untamed, which attract mountaineers to the place. Peaks in Himachal vary
5000 and 6000 meters. The higher and most popular peaks are concentrated in
five districts- Kangra, Chamba, Kulu, Lahul -Spiti and Kinnaur. Most
climbers look forward to the challenges thrown by Deo Tibba (6001 metres),
Menthosa (6445 metres) and Dhamasura (6445 metres). Expeditions are also
launched on Kangri and Mulkila ranges. For beginners and amateurs, the peaks
around Manali are regarded as the best. There are many low peaks like
Hanuman Tibba (5932 metres), Manali and Shitidhar peaks which are ideal for
fine-tuning the skills. Most professionals head straight to Lahaul-Spiti
region where most peaks rise above 6500 metres and offer great challenges and ideal for organizing adventure vacation packages.
Some of the popular trekking routes in Himachal Pradesh are Manali-Dhundi,
Dhundi-Bakkar and Ladyleg-Dhundi.
Kanchenjunga, India's highest peak at 28,146
feet, lies on the Sikkim-Nepal border from where many expeditions have been
launched in the past and many shall be attempted in the future. Rathong at a
height of 22,000 feet has some of the open peaks. Some other popular peaks
in Sikkim for mountaineering are Talung, Jonsong and Tent, all of which are
above 24,000 feet.
Some popular trekking routes in the tiny Himalayan state are
Siliguri-Gangtok, Yuksum-Tshoka, Dzongri-Thangsing and the treks to Tendong
& Menam hill.
Mountaineering and Trekking Tour Packages
Highlights : Zanskar Valley,
Indus Valley, Himalaya, Tikse, Hemis Gompas, Ladakh, Barma La, Pikdong
La, Kanji La, Heniskot, High Passes, Glaciers.
Highlights : Red Fort, Qutub
Minar, Bhagirathi River, Gangotri, Gaumukh, River Ganges, Tapovan,