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Orissa India

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Orissa - Overview
Jagannath Temple, Orissa Orissa, a place known for its temples and shrines, is located at the apex of the Eastern Coastal Plains of India. The state shares its boundaries with four other neighbouring states including Jharkand, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Chattisgarh. The southeastern part of the state is bounded by the sea, Bay of Bengal. The coastal areas are more or less inhabited with urban population, where as the interiors see quite many tribes settled here.

From a tourists point of view the place is one great sprirtual destination where you can give your self a devotional high. The harbingers of these feelings come from the magnificent temples and pagodas. Like other federal states of Indian republic the state enjoys its own place and cherishes its own identity.

Orissa possesses rich land holdings of mineral resources. Though late but the state has started harnessing its reserves and economic development is on the rise. The fertile alluvial plains formed by the rich deposition of the rivers emptyiong in the sea leads to very productive lands here. Whatsoever, the place is one holy destination for the pilgrims.

Orissa - History
Orissa in ancient times used to be a great kingdom, Kalinga. This mighty kingdom can be traced as belonging to the period and some 3000 years ago. Back then it was a major trade centre and connecting the place with Southern and Southeast Asia. Popular temples at Cambodia bear a resemblance to the South Indian temples and provide substantial information on the probable influence of the dominant culture and architecture of Orissa. Orissa was also the venue of the famous Kalinga war, after which king Ashoka embraced non violence. The state during a large period in history was ruled by Jain and Hindu dynasties. Popular ones include Matharas, Nalas, the Vigrahas, Sailodbhava Dynasty, Bhaumakaras Dynasty, Nandodbhavas Dynasty, Somavamsis Dynasty, the Eastern Gangas and Suryavamsi Dynasty.
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Orissa - Tourist Destinations
The subtle beauty of Orissa is defined by its magnificent temples, exotic beaches, hills, waterfalls and wildlife. This far eastern state of Indian republic possesses some distinctive features which makes the journey an interesting one. Through out the state are scattered several holy places for Hindu followers. There are several beautiful beaches located towards the far east and bounded by the Bay of Bengal. Important tourist destinations in the state include Bhubaneshwar, Puri, Konark, Cuttack, Jeypore and Phulbani.

Orissa Temples
Also called as the temple state, Orissa sees a lot of ancient and modern temples erected on its lands. The popular temples are those built hundreds of years ago and which now are the chief pilgrimage sites in the sub continent. These temples exhibit marvelous architectural feats and are sometimes included as the atteributes of the state's dominant culture. The Sun Temple or Black Pagoda is one such enthralling structure. Some other popular temples are Shree Jagannath Temple, Lingaraj Temple, Brahmeswar Temple, Kedareswar Temple, Muktesvara Temple.

Puri Beach, OrissaOrissa Beaches
The southwest of Orissa lies abutted by the sea, Bay of Bengal, and forms a part of the eastern coastal plains in the country. The shoreline is provided with a number of exotic beaches that exist as store houses of great leisure. These places are favourite hunts for the tourists and the places are often crowded by the same. Some popular beaches located in the state are Puri Beach, Gopalpur Beach, Konark Beach, Chandipur Beach, Chandrabhaga.

Orissa Waterfalls
While looking for the real pleasure at Orissa you can't but miss the waterfalls. At several destinations in the state are situated some picturesque water falls that outline the over head cliffs and sky. These milky white sprinklers are natural to the last element, refreshing and plain beautiful. These places constitute the favourite excursions and picnic spots in the state. Some popular ones include Badaghagra Falls, Barehipani, Joranda Falls, Harishankar Falls, Khanduala Falls, Hatipathar Falls.

Orissa Wildlife
The topography of Orissa is quite varied with tropical lands close to the Bay of Bengal and dense hilly forests occupying the western premises. Approximately 38 percent of the total land area comes under the forests, which harbours numerous species of flora and fauna. The state is home to the rare breed of White Tigers. There are many wildlife sanctuaries and protected forest reserves located in the state. Popular ones include Simlipal National Park, Chilika Sanctuary, Bhitarkanika Sanctuary, Gahirmata Wildlife Sanctuary.
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Reaching Orissa
By Air : Bhubaneshwar, the capital city of Orissa, is accessible via direct and connecting flights from most of the cities of India. The airport located at the city regularly catches up the flights from the cities Hyderabad, Nagpur, Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Varanasi.

By Trains : Train travel is provided by the Indian Railways and once again the capital city is the main rail head serving the state.

By Roads : Orissa is connected to the nearby states by an extensive road network. Long distance tourist buses are available from states like Kolkata and Chennai.


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