Uttar Pradesh India
Pradesh - Overview
Pradesh also known as U.P, is the most populous and area wise fifth largest
state in India. The state spreads over an area of 2,94,411 sq.kms and has a
population of 166,052,859. Situated in the northern part of the country, the
state shares international border with Nepal and is surrounded by the states
of Uttaranchal, Bihar, Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh,
Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. Lucknow is the administrative and legislative
capital of Uttar Pradesh while its high court is located at Allahabad. Apart
from Lucknow and Allahabad, other important cities are Varanasi, Kanpur,
Noida, Agra and Mathura.
Uttar Pradesh is a wonderful paradise for the tourists and pilgrims. The
majestic Himalayas to the north, the Shivalik mountain range in the south
and the architectural wonder, the Taj Mahal have attracted people in large
number since last few centuries. Besides, the beautiful temples, imposing
fort and monuments, rich art and culture, delicious cuisine, varied
wildlife, charming fair and festivals equally attract the touring multitude
from India as well as abroad. Geographically and socially Uttar Pradesh also
has great variations, which has helped the state to stand unique among her
sister states. Most, of its area consists of the Great Gangetic plain, which
is highly fertile and densely populated. The people of Gangetic plain region
are mainly backward farming peasants who scratch a bare existence from the
overcrowded land. Moreover, Uttar Pradesh is a land of strong contrasts and
diversified attractions, better you explore this picturesque state on your
Uttar Pradesh - History
Historically, Uttar Pradesh has been a centre stage for several great
events. The history of the state goes back to 4000 years ago, when the
Aryans made it their home in 2000 B.C. The Aryans first made their base in
the Doab region and the Ghagra plains and named it as the Madhya Desha or
Aryavarta. Ayodhya, the town known as the birth place of Lord Rama was the
base of ancient Hindu Kingdom of Kosala. In the town of Mathura, Lord
Krishna was born as the eighth Avatara of Vishnu.
The Chaukhandi Stupa in Uttar Pradesh
commemorates the spot where Lord Buddha met his first disciples and the
Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath is the place where Buddha gave his first sermon.
Uttar Pradesh has also connection with great Mahabhrata war, which was
fought in the area between Delhi and Uttar Pradesh.
Over two thousand years ago, Uttar Pradesh was a part of Ashoka's
Buddhist Empire. Later the Guptas and Kushan Empires ruled over the region.
The popular Kannauj Empire was originated from Uttar Pradesh and it was at
its zenith during the reign of Harshavardhana. After the fall of the
Rajputs, the Muslim invaders occupied the region, and much of the state
formed part of the various Muslim Sultanates of Delhi. Later in the 15th
century, Uttar Pradesh became a part of the Mughal Empire and during the
rule of Emperor Akbar Agra became capital city. Apart from Agra, Fatehpur
Sikri was another important town of the Mughal dynasty.
In the 18th century, the city of Lucknow was established by the Muslim
Nawabs of Avadh. In the latter half of the 18th century, a series of battles
broke out that caused the British accession to the last Mughal territory,
Doab and also to the Bundelkhand, Kumaon and Banaras divisions.
During the British regime Delhi, Jaipur, Avadh and Ajmer were included in a
single territory named as the North-western provinces of Agra and Avadh,
which was renamed as the United Provinces of Agra and Avadh in 1902, with
the capital in Allahabad. In the year 1920, the capital of the United
Province was shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow.
After India's independence, in 1950 the state was renamed as Uttar
Pradesh. Recently, in the year 2000, the Garhwal and Kumaon Himalayan
divisions of the state were formed into a new state called Uttaranchal.
Pradesh - Tourist Destinations
Pradesh, a land of cultural and geographical diversity, offers various
attractions to the tourists. With its dramatic landscape comprising the
soaring peaks, fascinating rivers and enchanting valleys, the flat
featureless Indo-Gangetic Plains and confireous forests, Uttar Pradesh
offers a visual feast for the visiting tourists. Besides, its magnificent
forts and monuments and imposing ancient temples, never fail to draw the
attention of visitors. Visit any of the tourist destinations of the state to
get a close look of the architectural jewels as well as historic and
wonderful attractions. Popular destinations of the state are
Uttar Pradesh - Temples
Uttar Pradesh is home to some of the ancient and sacred temples of the
country. Since their origin the temples in Uttar Pradesh offered a healing
touch to the devotees and kept their faith alive. A large number of devotees
throng the Uttar Pradesh temples to get the blessings of deities. In
addition to regular devotees, every year thousands of tourists visit the
temples of state. Some of the important temples of the state are Vishwanath
Temple, Krishna Balrama Mandir, Madan Mohan Temple and Vindhyachal Temple.
Uttar Pradesh -
Forts & Monuments
From time immemorial, Uttar Pradesh was ruled by several dynasties who
built several forts, palaces and other monuments all over the state. While
you visit the state you can see a number of forts and monuments which still
manages to retain their old charm. Renowned for their architectural beauty
or other interesting features, the forts and monuments of Uttar Pradesh will
certainly fascinate you.
Agra, a white-marble monument is known all over the world for its
picturesque beauty. Apart from Taj Mahal other must visit forts &
monuments are Fateh
, Agra Fort,
, The Residency, Ramnagar Fort etc.
Uttar Pradesh - Arts & Culture
Uttar Pradesh, the land where the Hindu civilization and culture reached
its height, is bestowed with a rich cultural traditions. Some believe that
the Rig Veda was composed in the Gangetic valley of Uttar Pradesh region,
while some link it to the great epics, 'Ramayana' and 'Mahabharata.'
From the epic period, the state of Uttar Pradesh has been influenced by
several cultures, the most significant among those are the Buddha and
Mahavira. You will find the manifestation of those cultures in a mass of
literature and several relics of art and architecture that form important
part of the cultural heritage of the state.
Music, Dance and Stage plays are important art forms of the state, which is
popular among Hindus as well as Muslims. Besides, Uttar Pradesh is also
famous for its exquisite crafts like Zardoji, Chikankari Embroidery,
Metalware, Zari Work, Carpets and Floor Coverings, Hand Printing,
Shawl-making, Inlay work, Brocade, Muslin, Paper-making etc.
Uttar Pradesh - Cuisine
Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India, is a place where people
have developed quite varied eating habits over the years. In the state
capital, Lucknow, the people love the Nawabi cuisine, while in Mathura and
nearby areas people like milk-based preparations. In addition to Nawabi
cuisine, the world famous Awadhi cuisine is very popular in Lucknow. Apart
from these, majority of people of the state like simple and sober vegetarian
meal which comprises Rice, Dal, Roti, Sabzi, Pooris and Kachoris. Among the
several specialties of Uttar Pradesh don't forget to savour Kundan
Kaliya, Shami Kabab, Kakori Kabab,Gulnar Kababs, Nehari Khaas, Nargisi
Kofta, Patili Kabab, Murg Mussallam, Lazeez Lauki, Dum Bhindi, Warqui
Paratha, Gobhi Mussallam, Sultani Dal, Rizala, Shir Sewain and Chicken
Uttar Pradesh - Fairs and Festivals
Uttar Pradesh is a land where various religions have flourish since a long
time. A land of varied culture and traditions, Uttar Pradesh celebrates a
number of religious as well as regional festivals throughout the year. Among
the hundreds of fairs and festival, the Kumbh Mela is the prominent one,
which is celebrated in Allahabad. Bateshwar Fair is an important event for
the Hindus. For Muslims Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha and Moharram are the
important festivals. Other important fairs and festivals are Taj Mahotsav,
Avadh Festival, Kumbh Mela, Jhansi Festival, Buddha Mahotsav, Ganga
Festival, Lucknow Festival, Holi, Barsana Holi, Janmashtami, Vrindavan
Sharadotsav, Hariyali Teej, Rath Ka Mela, Guru Purnima, Devi Patan Mela,
Kailash Fair, Dadri Mela, Kampil Fair, Mata Murti Mela, Kunjapuri Mela and
Uttar Pradesh - Wildlife
with a varied landscape Uttar Pradesh is home to a variety of flora and
fauna. The state has a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks
which provide shelter to several wild animals and birds species including
some endangered and rare species. In the wildlife sanctuaries and national
parks, you can see Tigers, Swamp Deers, Sambar, Elephants and Leopards
moving in their natural habitat. During the winters you can also see
migratory birds visiting the wildlife sanctuaries and parks in large number.
Some of the major sanctuaries in Uttar Pradesh are
Dudhwa National Park
Chandra Prabha Sanctuary, Hastinapur Sanctuary, Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary,
Nawab Ganj Bird Sanctuary, Mahavir Swami Wildlife Sanctuary and National
Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary.
Uttar Pradesh - Shopping
Shopping in Uttar Pradesh provides a unique veritable experience. Although
you can shop a wide range of items in the markets of Uttar Pradesh, the
state has a rich tradition of handicrafts which make most items for
shopping. You can go for shopping almost everywhere in the state, as most of
the tourist destinations in the state have plenty of private shops and
government emporia selling a variety of items. While you shop at colourful
bazaars of the state don't forget check out the popular items like
Glassware, Metalware, Jewellry, Stone carved artifacts, Leather Craft,
Pottery, Zardozi, , Silk Sarees, Chikankari and Bangles.
Uttar Pradesh has more or less tropical climate, with hot summers and cold
winters. In Uttar Pradesh the average temperature varies between 4oC and
24oC in winters and 30oC and 45oC in summers. Summer season reaches the
state in the month of the April and ends in June. Rainy season starts from
late June and remains till the month of September. From the month of October
winter starts and ends by the month of February.
Best Time to Visit
October to March
Uttar Pradesh - Transportation
Uttar Pradesh has no international airport,
instead there are four domestic airports in Agra, Varanasi, Lucknow and
Kanpur. A number of private and public airlines operate flights from these
airports to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai etc.
An extensive network of rail lines connect the
state with rest of the country. Major cities and towns like Agra, Lucknow,
Varanasi, Allahabad and Kanpur has their own railway stations. Several
express and super-fast trains link these railway stations with other parts
of the state and the country.
National Highway No - 2, 25, 26, 27, 29 and 45
and State Highways run through the state and connect it to rest of the
country. Many private and public transport buses run within the state and
also to the neighbouring states.