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Nanda Devi National Park Nature & Wildlife

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Fast Facts
Location : Chamoli District, Uttaranchal.
Area : 630 sq. km
Major Attractions : Leopard, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear etc.
Best Time To Visit : April to October.
Eco Tourism Fee : Rs. 60 per adult and Rs. 30 per student, for seven days.
Tent Fees : Rs. 50 per tent, per day, Rs.100 per tent, per day for camping.

Introducing Nanda Devi National Park Uttarakhand
Nanda Devi National ParkSet amidst the upper Himalayan ranges in the Garhwal division of Uttaranchal, the Nanda Devi National Park is a paradise for the nature lovers, tourists as well as pilgrims. Over the years, the park gave the Nanda Devi hill the aura of a forbidden territory, an untouched and unseen holy place. India's second highest mountain peak Nanda Devi has been revered for thousand of years as a manifestation of Lord Shiva's wife, Parvati, whose father was Dunagiri.

Eric Shipton and HW Tilman, were the first person to step inside this inner sanctuary. They discovered a route up the Upper Rishi Ganga Gorge in 1934. Two years later in 1936, Tilman and NE Odell made the first ascent of Nanda Devi, since then, many people have attempted to climb the Nanda Devi peak. In 1939, this region became a sanctuary called the Nanda Devi Sanctuary.

By the early 1960s and 70s, the sanctuary became a favourite haunt for trekkers and climbers and the local residents and shepherds from the nearby villages were also frequent visitors to this sanctuary. Alarmed by the piling garbage and the ecological damage caused by the people, the government banned entry to this sanctuary and declared it a national park in 1982. Due to its unique high altitude floral and faunal species, the national park was awarded the status of a Biosphere Reserve and a declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998.
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Flora of the Park
Nanda Devi National Park India is home to around 312 floral species and 17 of them are regarded as rare. Main vegetation found in the forests are of Fir, Rhododendron, Juniper and Birch. There is almost no vegetation near the Nanda Devi Glacier and the conditions are even drier in the inner part of the park. Inside the Nanda Devi Wildlife Sanctuary, from a place called as Ramnani, the vegetation changes to alpine and further only juniper scrubs dominate, which gradually give way to grasses, prone mosses and lichens.

Nanda Devi National Park Animals
Himalayan Black Bear Around 80 animal species and several bird species have been spotted here over the years. Faunal species found in the park area are Leopard, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan Musk Deer, Common Langur, Brown Bear, Bharal, Goral, Serow etc.

Nanda Devi National Park also provides shelter to a number of avian species. Bird species which you can spot here are Rose Finches, Ruby Throat, Grosbeaks and Warblers.

Activities You Can Take Part In
Nanda Devi National Park Trek :Though Nanda Devi National Park offers limited leisure activities to the visitors but whatever available here are enough to thrill you. During the summers, Nanda Devi trekking through the park is a perfect leisure option for you. You can also stay in any nearby village such as Rainee and Lata where people are friendly and expenses will never exceed Rs 500. If you can beat the cold, then October and November are the best months for watching wildlife.

Nearby Attractions
Rainee Village : Located close to the park, Rainee Village is renowned as the launch pad of the famous Chipko movement. From here, on 25th March, 1974, Gaura Devi led the women of her village against the timber contractors, by hugging the trees that the government had marked out to be cut.

Lata : Lata is the another popular village near the park. It houses the Nanda Devi's idol in an ancient temple.
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Where to Stay
Accommodation is not available in the park area, but if you wish, you can stay with the villagers. Close to the park at Joshimath, plenty of accommodation options are available in hotels, guest houses and lodges including those of the Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam.

How to Reach Nanda Devi National Park
Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun (270 kms) is the nearest airport from Nanda Devi National Park. There are several flights which connect Dehradun with Delhi. Nearest railway stations from the park are Rishikesh (276 kms) and Haridwar (300 kms). From Dehradun, Haridwar and Rishikesh, you have to take the road route to reach the park. Good motorable road connect the Joshimath, nearest town from the park with towns like Dehradun, Rishikesh and Haridwar. From Joshimath you have to trek to reach the national park.

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